Americans are drinking more. A lot more.According to a new study published in JAMA Psychiatry,an estimated one out of every eight Americans struggles with an alcohol disorder.
Women, minorities, older people among most affected
For the JAMA Psychiatry study, researchers used the DSM-IVdefinition laid out by the American Psychiatric Association in 1994. This definition combines factors of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence like:
- Drinking interfering with home, family, or job responsibilities
- Drinking increasing chances of danger or injury
- Withdrawal symptoms when coming down from intoxication
- An inability to stop drinking
Of 11 criteria given, the presence of two or more indicates an alcohol use disorder. Six or more indicates a severe alcohol use disorder.